جمعه 24 مرداد 1393 ساعت 5:54 ق.ظ
After defeating a proposal in 2010 to ban the export of an endangered fish that is a key component of sushi, japan and asian nations argued it should be left to quota setting world fisheries bodies to bring the species back from the brink.
Two seasons on, their strategy for rebuilding stocks of atlantic bluefin tuna seems to be working.
Thanks in part to a sharp reduction in how many fish legally caught, the bluefin human inhabitants in the atlantic is on the rebound though"Size and speed of the increase vary considerably, according to a stock assessment by scientists released ahead of the annual foreign commission for the conservation of atlantic tunas which starts monday in morocco.
"Were working and campaigning on the issue of bluefin tuna for 12 years so to finally see signs of a recovery trend is good news, cited sergi tudela, head of the fisheries program at wwf mediterranean sea.
"We need to visit how the recovery trend progresses over time, he was quoted saying. "For the time being, we can't lower our guard, management efforts need to be maintained and even grew.Bluefin tuna fisheries supervision will not become a success overnight,
Environmentalists are calling on the 48 nations in iccat to endorse scientific proposals to keep the current Pandora jewelry cheap quotas of 14, 200 boat loads(12, 900 measurement tons)A year intact for an additional three years.They may also be pushing for increased protection for other threatened species, including shortfin mako and porbeagle sharks and likewise blue marlin and white marlin.
"This year is regarded as a test year for iccat, said amanda-M nickson, director of the global tuna preservation campaign at the pew environment group.
"The stock assessment results seem to indicate there may be the opportunity of a glimmer of recovery but it's so uncertain at the moment, she shown. "This is the first year where they're going to have to stick to science even if does look like there is a bit of good news.So it is vital from our perspective we retain pressure on governments at iccat to listen to that science.Our key message is hold those quotas where may possibly be,
Lax quotas at iccat and rampant overfishing much of it illegal lead to the stocks of bluefin falling by 60 percent from 1997 to 2007.Amid fears the fish was on the brink of disintegration, environmentalists argued at the 175 nation convention on world-Wide trade in endangered species, or points out, in 2010 that only an investing ban would protect the fish.
But japan government and fishing industry argued successfully that an outright trading ban was too drastic a step, and that catch quotas set by iccat should be more strictly enforced defend the species.Fishing places from asia, cameras, latin america and someplace sunny and warm joined the call to shift the debate to iccat, contending that any ban would damage their fishing communities and that fears of the stock's collapse were over-Stated.Japan is the largest exporter of bluefin.
In december 2010, iccat cut the annual global quota by 40 percentage to 14, 900 loads(13, 500 statistic tons)And ever subsequently reduced it to 14, 200 huge number(12, 900 statistic tons)A year in the future.There has been increased enforcement which has helped reduce illegal fishing though it remains a problem and the growth of farm bred tuna in japan which has helped meet the demand.
Most key fishing america's, for instance japan, have come out in support of the scientific recommendation which if adhered to would ensure people recovers by 2022.
"We will support the findings of the traditional committee, exclaimed tsunehiro motooka, a certified with japan's fisheries agency. "The measures to date which have been taken have helped protect the resources and make it feasible to increase catch quotas,
North america, another key player at the negotiate on prices, has said Pandora Beads Sale it arch foot hold up"The rebuilding and term sustainable management of the western and eastern atlantic bluefin tuna stocks by adopting science based and preventive conservation and management measures that ensure continued stock growth,
But environmentalists also said it was to soon to celebrate.
The item, the european union pressured by fishing nations like spain and italy has left open the chance that it will push to increase quotas at the iccat meeting to 14, 900 a good deal(13, 500 statistic tons)Something iccat scientist have said still would allow the continuing recovery of bluefin.
"We welcome the unmatched rational and cautious approach taken by eu member states, but we cannot help but fear the outcomes of proposing any increase in the bluefin quota, said nancy jose cornax, a fisheries campaign manager for environmentally friendly group oceana europe. "To complete this means opening a pandora's box, because it not only could fuel third countries' calls for not sustainable quota increases, but it could also jeopardize eu proposals for shark preservation, which are generally affected by bluefin political discussions,
There is the impact of the arab spring, with libya is insisting that its quota of 995 tons(903 full tons)Be increased simply because the civil war disrupted fishing last year.Algeria is also wants to increase its quota compensate for an iccat decision that shifted some of its quota to libya previously.
Even if this current quota be endorsed at the iccat meeting, environmentalist and pandora charms dice iccat's scientist acknowledge more has to be done to guarantee the survival of bluefin.They are calling for increased efforts combating illegal fishing with greater administration, reducing the amount of boats allowed to fish and improving the data collected especially from fish farms to ensure the science is stronger when the next assessment is done in 2015.
"None of these measures really add up unless they are complied with and unless there is administration, said barbara lieberman, deputy director of you can also use policy for pew. "There is good deal illegal fishing and overfishing above the quotas in the atlantic ocean in iccat.It is really important for the future of those fisheries, for the future of fishing communities and for those governments and fishing industries that illegal fishing be stopped and that there be efforts ensured that likes and dislikes of iccat are good, but not good, but complied by way of,
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